High FODMAP Foods to Avoid

what are fodmapsIf you are following the Low-FODMAP diet, you will want to avoid all FODMAPs.  They include: fructans, galacto-oligosaccharides, lactose, excess fructose and polyols.  If you have already taken hydrogen breath tests and know you can either completely absorb fructose or lactose, you do not have to negate either from your diet, but can as an extra precaution during the elimination phase.

The low-FODMAP diet can be confusing, and there’s a lot of conflicting information online.  You may need a little extra help, and it’s highly recommended that you do reach out to a professional trained in the low-FODMAP diet to ensure your success and most of all to help you make healthy choices.  I am a trained Certified Nutritionist Consultant and a graduate of The Low-FODMAP Diet Training Program™. I can help you to implement the low-FODMAP diet for the relief of gastrointestinal symptoms. We will not only cover the diet together, we will also take a good look at your current eating behaviors, stress level and any environmental factors that may be playing a role in your symptoms.  Contact me today for a consultation.

Here’s a Guide:

  • Excess Free Fructose = EFF
  • High-Polyol Foods = HPF
  • High-Lactose Foods = HLF


Apples or applesauce, apricots, Asian pears, blackberries, boysenberries, cherries, figs, mangoes, nectarines, peaches, pears, persimmon, plums, prunes, tamarillo, watermelon, white peaches

  • EFF – Apples, Asian pears, boysenberries, cherries, figs, mangoes, pears, tamarillo, watermelon
  • HPF – Apples, apricots, Asian pears, blackberries, nectarines, peaches, pears, plums, prunes, watermelon


Artichokes (all), asparagus, cauliflower, garlic, leeks, mushrooms, onions (all onions including onion powder), scallions (only the green tips), shallots, snow peas, sugar snap peas, legume beans (eg. baked beans, kidney beans, bortolotti beans), lentils, chickpeas.

  • EFF – Artichokes, asparagus, sugar snap peas
  • HPF – Cauliflower, mushrooms, snow peas

*Learn more about all legumes and serving sizes by reading this post Low-FODMAP Servings for Legumes


If you do not malabsorb lactose then you do not need to restrict these foods.  Ask your dietitian about testing for lactose malabsorption.

All HLF – Ice cream, regular milk, goat’s or sheep’s milk, yogurt (made from cow, goat or sheep’s milk), milk powder (milk solids), pudding, evaporated milk, sweetened condensed milk and soft cheeses (amounts greater than 1/2 C) -cottage cheese, cream cheese, creme fraiche, mascarpone, ricotta.


All breads that are not gluten-free, bread crumbs, cookies, cakes, croissants, muffins, pastries containing wheat and rye.  Barley, bulgur, chickpea flour (in small amounts only), couscous, durum, lentil flour (in small amounts), multigrain flour, pea flour (in small amounts), rye, semolina, soy flour (in small amounts), triticale, wheat bran, wheat flour, wheat germ.  Stay away from sourdough made with high FODMAP flours (such as wheat and rye).


Noodles, pasta, gnocchi.  Wheat-based and multi-grain breakfast cereals, muesli.


Stay clear of meats that contain HIGH FODMAP ingredients like onion powders, garlic, dehydrated powders and bread crumbs, or high amounts of FODMAP cheese and dried fruits.  Many times marinades, sauces/gravies when prepared with meats contain HIGH FODMAPs.


Pistachios, cashews – all other nuts and seeds are fair game.  Almonds (up to 10),  Hazelnuts (up to 10), one handful of all other nuts and seeds or 2 TB of nut or seed butters.


Agave nectar, honey, sugar alcohols like sorbitol, mannitol, maltitol and xylitol; high fructose corn syrup, corn syrup solids, fructose, pear juice, fruit juice concentrate.

  • EFF – Agave nectar, high-fructose corn syrup, fructose, fruit juice concentrate, pear juice, honey
  • HPF – sorbitol, mannitol, maltitol and xylitol, polydextrose, isomalt


Chutneys, gravies made with onion, chicken, vegetable and beef stock bouillon cubes, dressings, sauces, brand-made relishes.  Oil-based sauces and condiments (such as salad dressings and aioli) may contain high FODMAP ingredients such as garlic.


  • More than a 1/2 C of any fruit juice; apple, pear, tropical and mango juices; orange 98% reconstituted or 99% blend
  • Chicory-based coffee substitutes; espresso decaf or regular with cow’s or soy milk, instant decaf or regular with cow’s or soy milk
  • Fennel tea, chamomile tea, chai tea (strong; weak with added soy milk is MODERATE), herbal tea (strong; weak is MODERATE), oolong tea (strong or weak).
  • Apple, raspberry, orange cordials
  • Coconut water 250 ml (100ml is LOW)
  • Carob powder
  • Rum, sweet wine


Eda s Sugar Free Hard Candy

All HPF – Label warnings that say “Excess consumption may have a laxative effect.”  Avoid sorbitol, mannitol, maltitol, xylitol, polydextrose, isomalt or any gums, mints, candy, desserts, and other products containing polyol additives as artificial sweeteners.


Love Us, Follow Us and Subscribe!

48 Responses to High FODMAP Foods to Avoid

  1. Pingback: Foods to Avoid | togusstage

  2. Pingback: Foods to Avoid | ToguStage

  3. Pingback: Gluten-Free Does Not Always Mean FODMAP Free | FODMAP Life

  4. Jen says:

    wondering is cocoa powder o.k, or dark chocolate to eat if not what can u sub with? also… what about whey protein or protein bars without soy added or gluten? any acceptable at least? Thanks!! I am New to FodMaps and need to follow it BADLY!! Thank you!!

    • Colleen says:

      Hi Jen,
      Please reference the grocery list, and scroll to bottom to find info about chocolate: http://fodmaplife.com/fodmap-grocery-list/
      For protein powders, I got my information from Patsy Catsos RD: Egg white is OK, Rice is OK, Whey protein isolate is OK
      Whey protein concentrate is only OK if a lactose free claim is also made. 98% or better is probably fine for all but the most lactose-intolerant people.
      Soy protein probably has FODMAPs
      Soy protein isolate is an unknown. If truly an “isolate”, then it would have been separated from the fiber in the soy, so might be OK.
      Hemp protein is an unknown with respect to FODMAP status
      Pea protein of any kind is an unknown but probably has FODMAPs

      Hope you’ve signed up for our newsletter: http://goo.gl/AW6GkK ~ Colleen

  5. Jen says:

    thanks for replying… What about protein bars?? Must be fodmaps friendly! I know gluten free exists but tthats it…. I need fodmaps friendly!! Thanks!!

  6. Jen says:

    OOPS!! Also I did look says dark chocolate o.k.. but Not Carob powder I Get that… But I don’t se anything about Cocoa powder!! Sorry for so many questions!! Thanks!!

  7. Jen says:

    Hi Colleen,
    Jen Again!!! I was wondering about Black Currants?? I was told those were o.k? I don’t see them on either list and I see grapes are o.k.. So are Raisons o.k?? Also… You say Bananas o.k.. But how ripe do they need to be?? Also…. ARe ALL BEANS a NO?? I was wondering about Black beans! As well as Cocoa Powder. Thanks so much! Really appreciate it!!
    and YES.. I did most definately sign up for the news letter!! Thanks so much!!

    • Colleen says:

      Hi Jen,

      The composition of blackcurrants varies a lot depending on how ripe they are – levels of sugars, fruit acids and anthocyanins generally increase as the fruit ripens. From Monash University, I only see “currants” listed (nothing specific like black, red, white or pink currants). The currants they refer to are under the “processed fruit” category and therefore have a HIGH FODMAP rating – because processed fruits are high in sugars (Oligosaccharides). 1 TB is safe and your limit. Raisins need to be limited to the same serving size too – pretty much any dried fruit is high in fodmaps because the sugars have become so concentrated from drying. Dried cranberries are also OK again for a 1 TB serving.

      Cocoa powder and cocoa powder for drinking- 2 heaping teaspoons is OK

      With chick peas (canned) as well as lentils (canned) 1/4 C is OK. Green and red lentils (boiled) has a moderate rating. Butter beans (canned) has a high rating. Boiled lima beans, haricot beans, red kidney beans and soya beans are also HIGH. Canned borlotti beans are HIGH, same with baked beans.

      Good luck – Colleen :)

      • Jen says:

        Hi Colleen,
        Thanks for replying!! I have another (or few more questions).. I was wondering More so on Black beans… I haven’t seen those on the list at all… as well as Tapioca Fiber ( i find this in certain protein bars) Wondering if that is safe and what it is? Also, Probiotic Fibers such as Isomalto-Oligosaccharides? What IS THAT??? I take probiotics what should I stay Clear from Because my gas gets SOOoooooooooo bad some days worse than others and wondering if things like this can hurt. Another question is whats the difference between High Fructose Corn Syrup and corn syrup?? Is corn syrup safer to eat in moderation seeing corn is o.k. to eat in moderation?? Thanks again REALLY APPRECIATE All your Help… I really Am Grateful! Thanks again :-)

  8. joyce says:

    Colleen…so grateful for your website!!! where can I have tests done for ..Hydrogen Breath and Malabsorb Lactose , not going to a Dietician….thank you

    • Colleen says:

      I had mine done with a gastroenterologist. What you want to keep in mind is to find a gastro who specialized in IBS. There are some that only specialize in celiac or only in IBD. Find out what his/her specialty is before you go through all the tests and appointments with them!

      • Jen says:

        what is a Hydrogen Breath test?? I am going soon for the lactose test and fructose breath test. is that the same as Hydrogen?? Curious…?? Because lately cannpt eat ANYTHING… Real bad..! Also I mentioned on another post about cassava and I found out what it is is Yuka root? Is that o.k to eat it seemed to make me very gassy!! Also wondering about Tapioca fiber in protein bars is that similar to galacto-oligosaccharides?? Thanks so much!!

  9. joyce says:

    Colleen ..I believe I saw a recipe for roasted Brussell Sprouts…but did not see them on your shopping list…are they allowed. Thanks again

  10. joyce says:

    Colleen…thank you, I have gone to the same Gastro Dr. for 20 yrs., I do not believe he specializes in IBS…have an appt. next wk. I will ask prior to my apt re: tests …thanks ps. I have so many ?’s , just getting started. BTW, will you please respond to my other comments?

  11. joyce says:

    Can you explain color-coded vegetables in low fodmap grocery list….please

  12. Pingback: Wheat, Barley, Rye, Onions and Garlic – Why They Cause IBS | FODMAP Life

  13. Carri says:

    Was told today that I need to look into starting the FODMAP diet. But…here’s the deal…I am currently taking THRIVE by Le-Vel. More info can be found at http://www.le-vel.com (ingredients and such). And to be honest, I LOVE it. Wondering now though if I need to stop the capsule, shake, DFT patch regimen while doing the FODMAP diet. I am fairly overwhelmed with all of this. Thanks so much!

  14. Carri says:

    While it’s an 8 week experience, I have been on it since June of last year.

  15. angey price says:

    Hi, thank you for your information! I’m curious about soybean oil? And coconut oil?

    • Colleen says:

      All oils are considered low-FODMAP, so all good! Just keep in mind that oils/fat can affect gut motility so use sparingly. 1-2 tablespoons

  16. Pingback: Fermented Foods and Fermentation in the Gut -Low-FODMAP | FODMAP Life

  17. Brittany says:

    Hi I was wondering with meats are they all fodmap friendly like ham, pepperoni, prosciutto. I can’t find anything specific about this. Thank you

  18. Pingback: Wheat, Barley, Rye, Onions and Garlic – Why They Cause Symptoms of IBS | FODMAP Life

  19. James Carl says:

    There seems to be conflicting information on Tumeric and Curcumin. I have read that they are both high and low. Could you confimr

    • Jen says:

      Hi Colleen
      Yes can you pls confirm on tumeric i too have heard conflicting info as well as saffron which is tumeric. I would like to know definitely on more spices. Thanks

  20. Johnathen says:

    Are black beans okay? I can’t seem to find them here or on any other website.

    • Colleen says:

      Hi Johnathen, According to low-FODMAP research, black beans are HIGH in FODMAPs. Other beans high in FODMAPs are: baked beans, borlotti, broad, butter, four bean mix, haricot, lima, red kidney and soya. Hope that helps and be sure to sign up for our newsletter for more tips, advice and recipes! SIGN UP: http://goo.gl/HCX1xD

  21. Pingback: Fermented Foods and Fermentation in the Gut -Low-FODMAP - BonCalme

  22. Pingback: Wheat Intolerance and Your Family - BonCalme

  23. Pingback: How to Start the Low-FODMAP Diet - BonCalme

  24. Pingback: Wheat Intolerance and Your Family

  25. Pingback: Wheat, Barley, Rye, Onions and Garlic

  26. Leslie says:

    So sad that onions and garlic are “no-no”s. Have you ever seen a situation where an individual is sensitive to some but not all of the restricted foods? Also, a big question of mine when keeping my food journal (which I have been doing) is…How long does it take to react to a certain food? For instance, if I have garlic and don’t have a stomach issue for 2 days, does that rule out a negative reaction to garlic? Once more question. Where does popcorn (specifically a brand called Skinny Pop) fall in the fodmap list. Low or high?

    • Colleen says:

      Hi Leslie,
      Good question! That is the purpose of following the low-FODMAP diet – to see which FODMAPs cause the most trouble. Even though you may end up negating a food and find that later it’s not an issue for you – it still means that by following the diet, you’ll have a more accurate account of what your real triggers are. You can take a hydrogen breath test to see if you malabsorb fructose, lactose or polyols. If no intolerance is found, then you can eat those foods during the elimination phase. For Skinny Pop you would need to send me the ingredients.

  27. emanogue says:

    I seem to have a problem with all nuts, as soon as I eat them my tummy distends alarmingly and gives me pain, then a lot of gas, if I do have IBS would it be best to avoid nuts in total, or does this strike you or anyone else as being more colitis than IBS? I’m the same way with lettuce, and really anything raw other than banana’s.

    • Colleen says:

      Do you have colitis? If so, it’s recommended to stay away from whole or pieces of nuts, but nut butters are ok. No pistachios or cashews on the low-FODMAP diet.

  28. Leslie says:

    I recently had an annual physical with my internist. She is very concerned about my weight loss. (I am 5’5” and went from 130 to 120 lbs since I have been watching the FODMAPS. She said my BMI is 20 and should be higher. How can I gain weight if I have to limit my food, limit my portions of food and wait 3 hours between eating. I am frustrated and hungry. Please advise.

  29. Leslie says:

    I need to explain a bit further because if I was just using FODMAP, I could probably eat more. I have restricted myself more (SCD) because of a suspicion of SIBO. Breath test was negative but GI doc put me on rifaximin anyway due to symptoms. As soon as I introduce something NOT on SCD, I pay for it. That may explain my frustration (above post) a bit better.

Leave a Reply

Fill in your details below or click an icon to log in:

WordPress.com Logo

You are commenting using your WordPress.com account. Log Out / Change )

Twitter picture

You are commenting using your Twitter account. Log Out / Change )

Facebook photo

You are commenting using your Facebook account. Log Out / Change )

Google+ photo

You are commenting using your Google+ account. Log Out / Change )

Connecting to %s